Theoretical & Empirical Fields of Research

Governing Resources

  • From the natural sciences:
laboratory as the dominant mode of relation to the empirical
concern with observation
assumes that it is possible to focus on select characteristics or variables
assumes that it is possible to exclude all others from consideration, that is, to control them
  • From mathematics:
syllogism as dominant mode of argument
major premise: all As are B
minor premise: x is A
conclusion: X is B
syllogism depends on the law of the excluded middle: a proposition is either true or false
  • But, neither science nor mathematics are guarantors of reliability: we cannot know the world as it would be if we were not here to observe it.